Spring Feasts of Yahuweh – Part 2: Passover and Shavuot (Pentecost)

Shabbat Shalom

This blog will continue the discussion on Passover from “Spring Feast of Yahuweh – Part 1” and introduce Shavuot (Pentecost). If you did not see our post on Part 1, you may access it here: Part 1

When is Passover 2015 according to Father’s calendar?

As we mentioned before, this feast is mandatory according to Exodus 12:14-17 and Leviticus 23. Besides these two passages, we find in the Renewed Covenant (New Testament) that Messiah kept the Passover Festival including the Seder, Feast of Unleavened Bread and First Fruits. In fact, Messiah WAS the fulfillment of the Spring Feasts of Yahuweh.

To determine the timing of this festival, we have to find barley in the Aviv stage in or around Jerusalem before the new (renewed) moon of the month of Aviv AND the renewed moon must be sighted in Jerusalem. We do not follow the rabbinic calendar or anyone else’s timing that violates the requirements above to determine His festival calendar for the whole year. It is documented that these requirements were in place at the time of the 2nd Temple Period.

We have confirmed through sources living in Tekoa (a suburb of Jerusalem), that the barley was in fact in Aviv before the “new” moon. The “new” moon was sighted on March 21st in southern Israel and near Haifa, but not in Jerusalem! It was confirmed that cloud cover prevented the sighting on March 21st in Jerusalem, so we know that means the “new” moon defaults to March 22nd at sunset. (See 2 Kings 21:4; 2 Chronicles 6:6; Exodus 23:15 and 34:18; Deuteronomy 16:1; verses which describe the barley in abib/Aviv stage Leviticus 2:14; Leviticus 23:14; Joshua 5:11; 1 Samuel 17:17; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 17:28; Ruth 2:14)

March 22nd at sunset was the Renewed “new” Moon and the beginning of Father’s Festival Calendar year…Chag Sameach (Happy Holiday) and Shanah Tovah (Happy New year)!

Based on this confirmed information and from Scripture, Passover 2015 (which is comprised of Preparation Day, the Passover Seder, Feast of Unleavened Bread and First Fruits) is from the 14th day of Abib (Nisan) through the 21st day of Abib, which is sunset April 4th to sunset April 12th on the Gregorian/World calendar. The first and last days of the Feast of Matzot (Unleavened Bread) are considered “Holy Convocations.” This means that we are to do no servile work other than minimal food preparation on sunset April 5th to the 6th and sunset April 11th to the 12th. (Read Exodus 12 and Leviticus 23 for details)

Here are the specifics of the 8-day feast/festival of Passover:

As mentioned above, this 8-day holiday includes the Preparation day, Passover Seder, Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matzot) and First Fruits. Below, we break down any specifics, but here, we want to discuss the reason to celebrate this feast. Without going into the details, please research Passover vs. Easter/Resurrection Day on your own. You will find that the word “Easter” was never in the Scriptures. The one time it is in the King James Version, it was incorrectly translated from Pesach, which is Passover in English. The Roman Catholic Church thought that it was too “Jewish” to celebrate the entire feast of Passover but since all early believers in Messiah celebrated His resurrection, they had to still have a holiday for this. They introduced Pagan activities and called the holiday Easter. Please do your own research so you can speak to those who question whether we should celebrate Passover or not.

The point of celebrating Passover is to remember/commemorate how Father took us out of Egypt, which represents bondage/slavery/idol worship, to make us apart of His family and sent His Son to save us. We are to:

  • Remove all leaven and leaven products from our homes (leaven represents sin)
  • Prepare and search our hearts by repenting of all sin
  • Remove any sin we have in our lives
  • Remember what Messiah did for us on the stake (cross) – Him being the final sacrificial Lamb.

We remember by getting ourselves right before Him and partaking of “communion” at the Seder Meal—eating the unleavened bread in remembrance of His broken body and drinking of wine in remembrance of Him shedding His blood so we can have atonement for our sins and eternal life (allowing the death angel to “pass-over” our lives – seeing the blood and not our sin).

We may partake of this if we believe and accept Him as our Savior. (See Matthew 26:26-30; 1 Peter 1:18-21; John 1:29).

If you read Matthew as well as other places throughout the Renewed Covenant, you will find that Messiah kept Passover and the other feasts/festivals. So, why do some believers not keep them if we are to do what He modeled for us?

If you want to read all the Scriptures on Passover, see this link http://www.openbible.info/topics/passover

Preparation Day – For 2015, this day begins sunset April 4th and ends at sunset April 5th – Messiah was crucified, died and went into the tomb this day by twilight. You should begin preparing your home (removing leaven, cleaning, preparing your heart, buying food for the Seder and Matzah/Unleavened Bread or the ingredients to make your own) a few days before this day. This is your final day to double check that all leaven is out of your home and your lives, and to prepare your food for the Seder (See Exodus 12, Leviticus 23, and 1 Corinthians 5:6-8).

Passover Seder—For 2015, have your Seder after sunset April 5th. According to Scripture, you eat lamb from a sheep or goat, not boiled in water or raw, but roasted by fire, and we are to eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. This means to eat bread without the leavening agent (rising agent) and to eat something bitter too. We do our best but don’t stress about the meal. The point is not what you eat, but to remove all sin from your life and remember what Father and Messiah has done for us.

Feast of Matzot/Matzah (Unleavened bread) – For 2015, begins sunset April 5th and ends sunset April 12th – we eat unleavened bread for seven days to remember how He brought us out of “Egypt” (in haste) — out of bondage to sin and slavery to men and gave us the freedom to serve and worship Him. As you eat unleavened bread each day, remember Messiah’s death, resurrection and suffering (He suffered so we could have peace and healing). See Isaiah 53:4-6. Do no occupational/servile work on the first day (sunset April 5th – 6th) and the last day (sunset April 11th – 12th).

First Fruits – For 2015, begins sunset April 11th and ends sunset April 12th – Messiah was resurrected and presented the “First Fruits” to the Almighty – His Father. In the Tanakh (Old Testament), First Fruits was a wave offering of the barley harvest to Yahuweh, to thank Him for giving us The Promised Land and the fruit of the Land (See Leviticus 23:9-14). In the Renewed Covenant (New Testament), Messiah took the “First Fruits” (those believers who had died before He came) and presented them along with Himself to Father (See Matthew 27:50-54; John 20:16-18; 1 Corinth 15:20; 2 Thess 2:13). Since this is also the last day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, do no occupational/servile work this day.

Feast of Weeks/Shavuot (Pentecost) – begins sunset May 30th and ends sunset May 31st – Messiah baptized His disciples with Fire (filled them with Father’s Spirit). According to Scripture, from the day after the first Sabbath (Friday sunset to Saturday sunset) that occurs during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, you count seven completed Sabbaths plus 1 day – total of 50 days.

See Leviticus 23:15-22; Exodus 34:22; Deut 16:9-20.

We commemorate this day by not doing any occupational work and remembering that Messiah said we would do greater works than He did and would be able to successfully walk out our salvation because He was bringing us Father’s Spirit as a Helper, Guide, Comforter, and Teacher. This is a form of “First Fruits” too. See John 16:5-15; Acts 1; Acts 2; 2 Thess 2:13; Romans 8:23. In Acts 2, it shows that Father’s Spirit filled the disciples on the Day of Pentecost also known as the Feast of Weeks.

Interesting that this is also the day of the giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai. Yahuweh knew that we could not keep such a covenant, so to commemorate THAT day, He sent His Spirit, via His Son, on the same day to “help” us keep such a covenant. His Spirit in us helps us keep His commandments and to avoid sinning.

Please note that according to Exodus 23:14-19, males in Israel were required to go up to Jerusalem for the Feasts of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot- a Fall Feast). If you are able to go to Israel during these feasts, then go! You will never be the same as the Scriptures come alive in the Land and where He put His Name!!

This concludes our discussion of the Spring Feasts of Yahuweh. We hope this has helped clear up some misunderstandings regarding the Spring Feasts – of what is Scriptrual and what is not.

To keep up with all the festival dates, see our calendar HERE:

Shalom,

Derek and Rivkah

4 Comments:

  1. Thank you for this message on the timing. I am a bit in shock, but so excited! I have a trip planned to Israel in May and will be there over the 30th and 31st. I might have to be on Mt. Zion on the 30th! WOW, HALLELUYAH!!!

  2. Wait, if Passover starts at sundown on April 4th, wouldn’t this put Shavout at May 24th? (that’s the day I originally thought it was…)

    • Shabbat Shalom

      Passover, which is basically the preparation day (Aviv 14) doesn’t count in the counting of the first fruits or the omer (days until Shavuot). First Fruits begins on the ‘morrow’ after the Sabbath. Sundown on April 4th is after the weekly Shabbat yes, but is only the beginning of the feast of Unleavened Bread (Day 1). There still needs to be a weekly Shabbat within that week to determine First Fruits. So this is why the first weekly Shabbat of Unleavened Bread is the sunset on the 10th – sunset on the 11th. Thus begins First Fruits from the 11th through the 12th (also last day of Unleavened Bread). From this (beginning with the 18th), you count 7 completed Shabbat’s and then the ‘morrow’ after the 7th one, is Sunday the 31st of May.

      Had the new moon been sighted in Jerusalem on the 21st of March, then yes, Shavuot would of been on May 24th. Because the counting of the 7 Sabbaths would of began on the 11th of April. But because it was defaulted to March 22nd, the Shabbat on the 11th doesn’t get counted in as part of the Unleavened Week that determines First Fruits.

      Let us know if that helps.

      Blessings

      • Thank you so much for your well thought out, detailed reply. HaleluYAH, I am so excited! Blessings to you and your ministry. Shabbat Shalom, Julia

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